Imetadataaware and modelmetadata

A week or so ago I posted an article on writing your own ModelMetadataProvider. That particular method was a bit overkill for the sample and I wanted to get back to this particular example and provide a much easier method using the IMetadataAware attribute. Using the same example I’m going to add the IMetadataAware interface to my TooltipAttribute.

public class TooltipAttribute : Attribute, IMetadataAware {
    public TooltipAttribute(string tooltip) {
        this.Tooltip = tooltip;
    }

    public string Tooltip { get; set; }

    public void OnMetadataCreated(ModelMetadata metadata) {
        metadata.AdditionalValues["Tooltip"] = this.Tooltip;
    }
}

The magic happens in the OnMetadataCreated implementation. Here we can populate the AdditionalValues with anything we need for our particular Attribute. In this case we’re adding a Tooltip key. Your name should be unique as other attributes or providers may add their own keys with the same name It is important to remember that attributes are not always read in the same order. So your tooltip attribute may be called first, last or somewhere in the middle. This is an important distinction as it may cause undesired effects.

The interface is consumed by AssociatedMetadataProvider and is used by the DataAnnotationsModelMetadataProvider and any other provider that derives from AssociatedMetadataProvider.

Now we can utilize the same HtmlHelper as before.

public static IHtmlString TooltipFor<TModel, TValue>(
                         this HtmlHelper<TModel> html,
                         Expression<Func<TModel, TValue>> expression) {
    var x = ModelMetadata.FromLambdaExpression<TModel, TValue>(expression, html.ViewData);
    if (x.AdditionalValues.ContainsKey("Tooltip"))
        return new HtmlString((string)x.AdditionalValues["Tooltip"]);

    return new HtmlString("");
}

This new interface in MVC 3 is full of awesome as it makes it much easier than before to work with Model Metadata and doesn’t require us to create a new provider to handle it.

-Ben

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